Synonyms: Cagnina, Dolcedo Blau, Drobni Rifoshk, Grosse Syrah, Mercouri, Merkouri, Refasco, Refosca, Refoschino, Refosco del Pedunculo Rosso, Refosk, Refosko, Refousco, Rephousko, Rifosco, Rifoshk Debeli, Riphosko, Schittierer

Wine Name: Refosco, the best known variety being the Refosco dal Pedunculo Rosso (“Refosco with the red stem”)

Background: Refosco is a dark-skinned grape of northeastern Italy, Slovenia and Croatia especially the Friuli Venezia Giulia region that produces a rich, tannic dark purple wine with black currant and plum flavors. It is moderately acidic and sometimes has a slight bitter finish. There are different varietals of Refosco grown so it is more a family of wines which includes Terrano, Refosco dal Peduncolo Rosso, Refosco dal Peduncolo Verde, Refosco Nostrano, Cagnina, Teran, Refosco d’Istria, Refosk, Sangue del Carso, rather than always from one distinct grape.

This grape was well known in antiquity, praised by Pliny the Elder in the first century for the quality of wine it produced. The famous Giacomo Casanova liked Refosco wine and included mention of it in his memoirs.

Classic Brands and Sources: La Castelada, Dorigo, Marco Feluga, Gravner, Jermann, Livon, Rhonchi di Cialla, Rhonchi di Manzano, Franco Terpin, Villa Russiz, Villanova, Volpe Pasini (Italy); Bonny Doon, Montevina (USA)


Style #1 – Typical Italian
Body – medium (+)
Acidity – medium (+) / high
Sweetness – bone dry
Tannins – prominent but can be harsh





Wine and food pairing guidelines: 

Pairs with full-bodied dishes such as red meats that have acidic sauces or marinades and ample salt and fat. The palate cleansing effect of its acidity are often used for first and second courses with a distinct taste, such as roast pork, game, rich minestrone, meat ravioli and lasagna.

Foods and Entrees that usually pair:
Pairs with sausages, cold cuts, game, beef and grilled meats usually with an acidic sauce or marinade

Cheese Pairings:
Asiago (aged), blue cheese/gorgonzola, Castelmagno, Fontina, Gouda, Parmesan, Pecorino, sharp Cheddar

See also Pinot Noir Appetizers with medium (+) body style for Appetizers to go with Refosco